Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can check with a number of relevant sorts of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but often also for lounging,[two] also by both of those sexes. Much more typically, pajamas may well seek advice from various clothes, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from conventional pajamas and involving variations of fashion and content.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the term as well as garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India from the 18th and nineteenth hundreds of years, along with the British affect on the wider Western planet in the course of the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the initial fifty percent from the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied courses, by muske pidzame Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an report of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It's probable that we English took the practice like a good lots of Some others from your Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons muske pidzame sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become Utilized in London shops. A colleague furnishes the following reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it can be due to the White Ants."[ten]
Traditional pajamas include a jacket-and-pants blend made from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually provides a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama trousers, possibly which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these traditional pajamas are sometimes called PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also called a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening inside the seat, meant to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas muske pidzame produced prior to the fifties, but within the early 20-to start with century They're somewhat rare.
Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are various variants in style including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size,[sixteen] or, on occasion, a single-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating several materials. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Typically worn by kids, these garments often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, within the US, they've often involved the latter to be a top. Babydoll pyjamas have a type of quick gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.